# Vector vs Bitmap

Vector and bitmap are two different types of digital images used in computer graphics. The main difference between them is the way they represent and store image data.

Vector graphics are composed of mathematical equations that describe the image’s shape, size, and color. These equations define the image as a series of lines, curves, and geometric shapes, such as points, lines, curves, polygons, and text. As a result, vector graphics can be scaled to any size without losing quality, as the mathematical equations can be recalculated to display the image at any resolution. Examples of vector file formats include SVG, AI, and EPS.

On the other hand, bitmap graphics are made up of tiny pixels, each with its own color value, arranged in a grid pattern. The resolution of a bitmap image is determined by the number of pixels per inch (PPI) or dots per inch (dpi). As a result, bitmap graphics can become blurry or pixelated when resized beyond their original dimensions, as the software must interpolate the pixel data to fill in the gaps. Examples of bitmap file formats include JPEG, PNG, and BMP.

In summary, vector graphics are resolution-independent and can be scaled infinitely without losing quality, while bitmap graphics are resolution-dependent and can become pixelated when enlarged. Each type of image has its own advantages and disadvantages and is better suited for certain types of applications. Vector graphics are ideal for logos, icons, and illustrations, while bitmap graphics are better suited for photographs and other types of continuous-tone images.

Vector graphics and bitmap graphics are two different types of digital images, each with its own advantages and disadvantages. Here are some of the key differences between them:

1. Representation: Vector graphics are made up of mathematical equations that describe the shape, size, and color of the image, while bitmap graphics are made up of tiny pixels, each with its own color value, arranged in a grid pattern.
2. Scalability: Vector graphics can be scaled to any size without losing quality, as the mathematical equations can be recalculated to display the image at any resolution. Bitmap graphics, on the other hand, can become blurry or pixelated when enlarged beyond their original size.
3. Editing: Vector graphics can be easily edited and manipulated using vector graphic software such as Adobe Illustrator, CorelDRAW, or Inkscape. Bitmap graphics can also be edited, but they are more difficult to edit without losing quality.
4. File size: Vector graphics tend to have smaller file sizes than bitmap graphics, as they only need to store the mathematical equations that describe the image, rather than storing the color information for each individual pixel.
5. Applications: Vector graphics are often used for logos, icons, and illustrations, while bitmap graphics are better suited for photographs and other types of continuous-tone images.

In summary, vector graphics are ideal for images that require scalability and precise editing, while bitmap graphics are better suited for images that require a high level of detail and realism.

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